Kausitaki (Shankhayana) Brahmana Kaushitaki Brahmana associated with Baskala Shakha of Rigveda and also called Sankhyayana Brahmana. It is divided. Thus he, the knower of Brahman, devoid of good deeds, devoid of evil deeds Here ends the Kaushitaki-Brahmana Upanishad, as contained in the Rig-Veda. Posts about Kaushitaki Brahmana written by margie parikh.

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The Kaushitaki Upanishad Sanskrit: It was included in Robert Hume’s list of 13 Principal Upanishads, [2] and lists as number 25 in the Muktika canon of Upanishads. The Kausitaki Aranyaka comprises 15 chapters and four of these chapters form the Kaushitaki Upanishad.

The chronology of Kaushitaki Upanishad, like other Upanishads, is unclear. It is based on an analysis of archaism, style and repetitions across texts, driven by assumptions about likely evolution of ideas, and on presumptions about which philosophy might have influenced which other Indian philosophies.

Kaushitaki Upanishad was probably composed before the middle of the 1st millennium BCE. Ranade [6] places Kaushitaki chronological composition in the third group of ancient Upanishads, composed about the time of Aitareya and Taittiriya Upanishads. The Kaushitaki Upanishad is part of the Rig veda, but it occupies different chapter numbers in the Veda manuscripts discovered in different parts of India. Three sequences are most common: The Kausitaki Upanishad is a prose text, divided into four chapters, containing 6, [13] 15, 9 and 20 verses respectively.

There is some evidence that the Kaushitaki Upanishad, in some manuscripts, had nine chapters, but these manuscripts are either lost or yet to be found.

In the first chapter of the Kausitaki Upanishad, rebirth and transmigration of Atman Soul is asserted as existent, and that one’s life is affected by karmaand then it asks whether there is liberation and freedom from the cycles of birth and rebirth. Verse 2 of the first chapter states it as follows abridged[14]. Born am I and again reborn, As twelvefold year, as thirteenth beyond the moon, From the twelvefold, from the thirteenfold father, The this one and the other versus this to know, Until ye, seasons, me led to death by virtue of this truth, by virtue of this TapasI am the seasons, I am the child of the seasons!

In verse 6 of chapter 1, the Kausitaki Upanishad asserts that a man is the season naturesprouts from season, rises from a cradle, reborn through his wife, as splendour. He declares, “Man is the Self is every living being. You are the self of every being. What you are, I am.

Kaushitaki Brahmana | Through the Sands of Life

Edward Cowell translates the above verses that declare the “Oneness in Atman and Btahmana principle as follows. The soul answers, when asked by Brahma, “Who art thou? What thou art, that am I. Brahma says to him, “Who am I? To the extent a person realizes that his being is identical with Brahmanto that extent he is Brahman.

He doesn’t need to pray, states Kausitaki Upanishad, the one who realizes and understands his true nature as identical with the universe, the Brahman. In verse 5 of the second chapter, the Kausitaki Upanishad asserts that “external rituals such as Agnihotram offered kaushitakii the morning and in the evening, must be replaced with inner Agnihotram, the ritual of introspection”.

Paul Deussen states that this chapter reformulates religion, by declaring, “religion is supposed not to consist in the observance of the external cult; but that which places the whole life, with every breathe, in its service.

Not rituals, but knowledge should be one’s pursuit. After asserting Atman Self, Soul as personified God in first two chapters, the Kausitaki Upanishad develops the philosophical doctrine of the Atman in the third chapter.

Kaushitaki-Brahmana Upanishad – Translation

Then it posits that freedom and liberation comes not from sense-objects, not from sense-organs, not from subjective psychological powers of mind, but that it comes from “knowledge and action” alone.

The one who knows Self, and acts harmoniously with the Self, solemnly exists as the highest God which is that Self Atman itself. The chapter presents the metaphysical definition of a human being as Consciousness, Atman, Soul.

Kasuhitaki verse 3, it develops the foundation for this definition by explaining kzushitaki speech cannot define a human being, because we see human beings midst us who are born without the power of speech dumb kaushitaku that sight cannot define a human being, because we see human beings midst us who are born without the ability of sight blind ; that hearing cannot define a human being, because we see human beings midst us who are born without the ability to hear deaf ; that mind cannot define a human being, because we see human beings midst us who are without the power of clear thinking foolishness ; that arms or legs cannot define a human being, because we see human beings midst us who lose their arms or legs cut in an accident.

And that which is conscious, has life-force. In the last verses of chapter 3, the Kaushitaki Upanishad asserts that to really know someone, one must know his soul.

Know the soul of the subject, not just kqushitaki objects. The structure of its argument is as follows abridged[20] [21]. One should not desire to understand the speech but should desire to know him who speaks, One should not desire to understand the smell described by a person but should desire to know him who smells, One should not desire to understand the form of the person but should desire to know him who sees the form, One should not desire to understand the sound described but should desire to know him who hears, One should not desire to understand the food description but should desire to know him who tastes, One should not desire to understand the deed but should desire to know him who performs the deed, One should not desire to understand pleasure and pain from excitation but should desire to know him who feels the pleasure and pain, One should not desire to understand the opinion and thinking but should desire to know him who opines and thinks.

Because if there were no elements of consciousness, there would be no elements of material being Because if there were no elements of material being, there would be no elements of consciousness Because any one phenomenon does not come about through the one without the other, Because Prana life-force is also the Prajnatman knowledge-selfis bliss, is not ageing, is immortal This is my Atman soul which one should know, O!

Edward Cowell translates these last verses as, “Prana is prajna, it is joy, it is eternally young, it is immortal.

Kaushitaki Upanishad

This is the guardian of the world, this is the king of the world, this is the lord of the world, this is my soul. Thus let a man know, thus let a man know.

The fourth chapter of Kausitaki Upanishad kausgitaki on the third chapter, but it peculiarly varies in various manuscripts of Rig veda discovered in Indian subcontinent. This suggests that this chapter may be an addition of a later era. Despite the variations, the central idea is similar in all recensions so far.

The chapter offers sixteen themes in explaining what Brahman Atman is, which overlaps with the twelve found in Chapter 2 of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. The Kaushitaki Upanishad has been translated by many scholars, but the translations vary because the manuscripts used vary. It was translated into Persian in medieval times, as Kokhenk; [3] however, the manuscript used for that translation has been lost. From Wikipedia, the free kaushitakl.

Part of a series on Hindu scriptures and texts Shruti Smriti Vedas. Chronology of Hindu texts. Annotated Text and Translation. Yoga, Karma, and Rebirth: A Brief History and Philosophy. Original Sanskrit text in Devanagari.

Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad.


Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. Retrieved from ” https: Articles containing Sanskrit-language text Articles with LibriVox links. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 7 Februaryat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Part of a series on.

Kauwhitaki scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. Timeline Chronology of Hindu texts. Sanskrit Wikisource has original text related to this article:


4 days left. Reading-capitalst Reading-capital-front Reading Capital. by Louis Althusser and Etienne Balibar Translated by Ben Brewster. Reading Capital (Radical Thinkers) [Louis Althusser, Etienne Balibar, Ben Brewster] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Establishing a. Reading Capital: The Complete Edition [Louis Althusser, Etienne Balibar, Roger Establet, Jacques Ranciere, Pierre Macherey] on *FREE*.

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Louis Althusser was born in Algeria in and died in France in He taught philosophy for many years at the Ecole Normale Superieur in Paris, and was a leading intellectual in the French Communist Party.

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Reading Capital by Louis Althusser

For Marx Radical Thinkers. A Companion to Marx’s Capital. Verso; Later Printing edition June 9, Language: I’d like to read this book on Kindle Don’t have a Kindle? Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Showing of 7 reviews.

Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. The Verso version of this book the “Radical Thinkers” paperback is teeming with typographical errors. The machine, as is to be expected, has made various mistakes. These have largely not been corrected by Verso’s editor. This is incredibly sloppy work on the publisher’s behalf and makes for a very serious shortcoming of this book.

Some of the errors are relatively harmless, but others create ambiguities e. For this reason, I would not recommend using this edition of the book as a reference or for serious study purposes. Immediately after publishing For Marx, Althusser returned to lecturing on Marx’s Das Kapital to his students in an ongoing series of seminars in These seminars were eventually compiled and revised into essays that were published in a French language text in titled Reading Capital.

Besides the lectures by Althusser, this version contained essays by various noted French Marxist scholars: In the English language text released inthe non-Althusserian articles were dropped. Reading Capital was written in three parts. The first part was a single lengthy essay called “From Capital to Marx’s Philosophy.

The inner purpose of Reading Capital was similar to that of For Marx: A secondary purpose was to set out the parameters for a newly devised series of bases of knowledge that emphasized a deterministic view of the means of production.

Much of Reading Capital relates to a spirited attack by Althusser on the empiricist epistemology of those contemporaries of Marx who sought to place an explanation for the emergence of the means of production in a humanist framework.

Althusser writes of a Marx who simultaneously foresaw and then overcame structuralist-based paradigms that touted humanism as a key component in centering the worker within the larger framework of the means of production. In order to depose humanism as the cornerstone of pre-Marxist thought, Althusser describes what he terms a “structure in dominance” which roughly means that a capitalist society must not be seen as an interdependent totalizing entity composed of a smoothly integrated series of interlocking elements.

Reading Capital

Rather these elements must be classified as both autonomous and reciprocal. The dominant part of Marx’s superstructure would be mostly economic with the political and ideological aspects competing in a baibar hierarchy for that dominance. Marx re-defined ideology cspital its previous connotation of “false consciousness” to the novel view that ideology is inherent from birth and includes all aspects of a worker’s life.

There would be then nothing outside of ideology. Althusser’s essay on ideological state apparatuses permitted society to re-shape an individual into any shape desired. It is this subtle yet all pervasive aspect slthusser mind control that imbues Reading Capital with the same relevance that it had on its original publication. It is so rigorous, so precise and so keen that one is often astonished by the attention devoted to seemingly trivial minutiae.

Yet these subtleties make all the difference when reading Marx, and Althusser makes one feel like a bit of an idiot for being so careless in ballibar reading habits. What makes this text so stunning is the fact that it never veers into pedantry, despite its stringent meticulousness. The understated elegance of Althusser’s exposition contrasts with the impact that it registers upon even the most seasoned readers of Marx.

In classically French style, the iconoclastic force of its content is dissimulated by its sober, clinical language. This lacuna prevents Althusser from elaborating a truly materialist dialectic yet is it really the case that the Marxist fixation on ‘political economy’ should be dismissed as a retrograde essentialism? To get a tentative grasp on Althusser, I would suggest that you read, as preliminary preparation, the entirety of For Marx, especially his discussions on overdetermined contradiction and aothusser Marxist dialectic.

Badiou’s typology of situations, which attempts to break with every sort of naturalism and metaphysics altogether even the Spinozist vitalism of Deleuzewould be altogether unthinkable without Althusser’s retrieval of Xlthusser and Lenin. Althusser’s greatest contribution to Marxism, I think was his concerted, unflinching effort to purge it of every trace of idealism and historicism. More importantly, he tried to develop a consummately materialist dialectic, one that would require unsparing scientific effort and analysis on the part of althusssr intellectuals.

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We may not agree with Althusser’s conclusions, but we cannot help but thank him for his conscientiousness. Oh, Balibar’s section is brilliant too, and of great import for sociology in ballbar. However, I wanted to dedicate this review to Louis Althusser, one of the great thinkers of the 20th Century. Althusser’s reading of Capital is a theoretical exegesis of the act of reading a body of work itself. Readinng deals with balbiar complexity of the Marxian project with all the tools of cpital structuralist tool-box, arguing in favor of a synchronic analysis of the array of concepts.

Additionally, Althusser makes significant epistemological contributions to the our understanding of the fetishism of the commodity; he argues that there is an epistemological block inherent to capital, that the system by its nature obscures itself. However, Althusser establishes his own epistemology which identifies two worlds-the object and the object of knowledge-which he is never able to adequately resolve. Still, this remains a crucial text in the reception of Marx’s philosophical status.

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Eminent Historians: Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud [Arun Shourie] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Several essays on history. Eminent Historians. Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud. Arun Shourie No Comments | Write Review. HarperCollins, History. India Today In this incisive commentary, Arun Shourie documents the ways in which our history textbooks have been doctored by leftist historians. Thoroughly.

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Eminent Historians: Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud by Arun Shourie

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HarperCollins Publishers India Pvt. What other items do customers buy after viewing this item? Western Interventions in Dravidian and Dalit Agun. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a product review. Read reviews that mention must read arun shourie indian history every indian read for every left leaning historical research eye opener eminent historians taught in school read book shourie historuans book is a must india facts exposed intellectual communist complete created.

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There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. An explosive document from an awe inspiring research work.

How did Indian history fall prey to a bunch of anti-Hindus? Who nurtured the process? With what sinister intention? Mr Shourie exposes them all with dexterity and acute precision. The subtle, sophisticated and extremely tricky methods of denigrating superlative Indian Hindu heritage by our historians whom we trusted blindly got busted. It’s hixtorians pity that this book has not yet been translated into all major Indian languages to make our gullible students and teachers aware of the harmful intent.

It’s even a greater pity we have been learning by heart some deceitful lies. Shourie overpowers the ’eminences’ with overflowing evidences and throws it on their faces. He brings to light their deceit and propaganda which they have been penning down as History of India and exhorts fellow Indians to question some very basic conjectures which we have metamorphised as conclusions.

Book Review # Eminent Historians: Their Technology, Their Life, Their Fraud By Arun Shourie

Excellent and scholarly work. Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. This book is a must read for every Indian citizen. Sourie has done excellent research and provided facts and logical arguments to expose their fraud on the nation. These historians can no longer hide behind their verbosity and pomp.

Eminent Historians : Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud

I think shourie and like minded individuals and truthful historians should write blogs and create Youtube videos to expose the falshood in our textbooks and tell us the real history of this country. I recommend again everyone to snourie this book.

A book that every Indian must read. Arun Shourie exposes the fraudulent “historians” who passed on complete lies as history to unsuspecting generations of Indians. This book will change your views on some of the famous historians that aeun see on TV and other media and who wax eloquent on topics that they project themselves to be experts on.

Will make you realize what complete frauds some of these so-called historians are. Thoroughly exposed the left wingers of the Indian society and Indian knowledge moguls. Must read for people who like to read history in an correct way with correct facts. Additional recommendation would be ambedkars pakistan or the partition of Indiaas it gives all the scenarios from different angles.

This book unmasks all fraudsters masquerading as historians, liberals and educationists. These are the people responsible for creating falsehoods about Indian culture and history. Tell it as it is. Those were times when such acts were the ‘done thing’. Don’t judge them by today’s standards and then aruh history. Are these “eminent historians” presenting their defense or just heading for cover?

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Vicente Zambada, Ismael Zambada, El Güero Bastidas, El Artista y . que durante una mañana en la sierra de Sinaloa el MZ (Mayo Zambada). but also includes the co-leadership of Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada) that Sinaloa had become dominant among Mexico’s criminal syndicates. Rafael Caro Quintero (born October 3, ) is a Mexican drug trafficker who founded the . the remaining faction left to Sinaloa and formed the Sinaloa Cartel under the traffickers Joaquín El Chapo Guzmán and Ismael El Mayo Zambada.

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Serafin Zambada23, was arrested Wednesday afternoon while crossing the border from Mexico in NogalesAriz. Get the top news stories delivered directly to your inbox!

Relato acerca de la vida de Ismael el Mayo Zambada incluyendo la historica entrevista de Julio Scherer. That means destroying their drug crops.

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Brightness Preserving Dynamic Fuzzy Histogram Equalization(BPDFHE) proposes a novel modification of the brightness preserving dynamic histogram. [email protected] Abstract. This paper proposed brightness preserving dynamic fuzzy histogram equalization using triangular membership function which is. This paper proposes a novel modification of the brightness preserving dynamic histogram equalization technique to improve its brightness preserving and.

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Updated 22 Nov Brightness Preserving Dynamic Fuzzy Histogram Equalization Prsserving proposes a novel modification of the brightness preserving dynamic histogram equalization technique to improve its brightness preserving and contrast enhancement abilities while reducing its computational complexity. This technique, called uses fuzzy statistics of digital ydnamic for their representation and processing.

Representation and processing of images in the fuzzy domain enables the technique to handle the inexactness of gray level values in a better way, resulting in improved performance. Besides, the imprecision in gray levels is handled well by fuzzy statistics, preservibg histogram, when computed with appropriate fuzzy membership function, does not have random fluctuations or missing intensity levels and is essentially smooth.

This helps in obtaining its meaningful partitioning required for brightness preserving equalization.

Details of the method are available in. Implementation of the technique for grayscale images is outright. The function operates on non-sparce images of type uint8, uint16, int16, double and single. Undefined function guzzy method ‘Brightness’ for input arguments of type ‘char’. This function can directly deal with any grayscale intensity image of form uint8, uint16, int16, single, double. For color images you can just equalizatiion the intensity plane as exemplified above.

You need to do the spell check.

The correction to the help file has been reflected and will be up soon. Call using ‘triangular’ and not ‘traingular’. I believe your query is not related to this particular submission. I hope you do not mind dropping me a few lines on my email elaborating your requirement, and I would try to see on possibilities of helping you.

Hi, I need to compute the diagonal error weight matrix Wwhere W i,i measure the average local variance of pixels with gray level i. Can u please help me regarding this. Can you provide me with attributes of the input image.

Rows x Cols, DataType. Also, the custom parameters you are passing on. This is possibly an error internal to Matlab, yet I would try to look for some way out. Maximum recursion limit of reached.

Use set 0,’RecursionLimit’,N to change the limit.

Brightness preserving dynamic fuzzy histogram equalization

Data handling with images of classes uint16, int16 not restricted to gray values in [0,] and of type in single and double not restricted to [0,1] is restored in Equalizatoon 1.

File usage license within code modified for non conflict with BSD license clause.

Example of implementation with color images added brigghtness the help documentation section. Data casting statements for output generation reduced with using cast.

Output image mapped to gray-value range in input images of type single and double. Support error for images of type ‘uint16’, ‘int16’, ‘single’, and ‘double’ not explicitly mapped in the range [0,1] or [0,] is resolved.

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The gospel states that the Romans planned to break Jesus’ legs, a practice known as crurifragiumwhich was a method of hastening death during a crucifixion.

Holy Lance – Wikipedia

Just before they did so, they realized that Jesus was already dead and that there was no reason to break his legs. To make sure that he was dead, a Roman soldier named in extra-Biblical tradition as Longinus stabbed him in the side. The phenomenon of blood and water was considered a miracle by Origen. Catholicswhile accepting the biological reality of blood and water as emanating from the pierced heart and body cavity of Christ, also acknowledge the allegorical interpretation: A ceremonial remembrance of this is done when a Catholic priest says Destinu,ui The priest pours a small amount of water into the wine before the consecration, an act which acknowledges Christ’s humanity and divinity and recalls the issuance of blood and water from Christ’s side on the cross.

Saint Faustina Kowalskaa Polish nun whose advocacy and writings led to the establishment of the Divine Mercy devotion, also acknowledged the miraculous nature of the blood and water, explaining that the blood is a symbol of the divine mercy of Christ, while the water is a symbol of His dstinului compassion and of baptismal waters.

In most variants of the Orthodox Divine Liturgythe priest lances the host prosphoron with a liturgical spear before it is divided in honor of the Trinity, the Theotokos Virgin Maryand various other remembrances. The deacon recites the relevant passage from the Gospel of Johnalong with sections of the Acts of the Apostles dealing with commemoration of the saints. Most of these pieces, set aside, become the antidoron to be distributed after the liturgy, a relic of the ancient agape of apostolic times, considered to be blessed but not consecrated or sanctified in the Western understanding.

The main piece destinuluu The Lamb, destinuli host that is consecrated on the altar and distributed to the faithful for Holy Communion. A form of the name Longinus occurs on a miniature in the Rabula Gospels conserved in the Laurentian LibraryFlorencewhich was illuminated by one Rabulas in the year This is one of the earliest records of the name, if the inscription is not a later addition. The first historical reference to the lance was made by the pilgrim Antoninus of Piacenza AD in his descriptions of the holy places of Jerusalemwriting that he saw in the Basilica of Mount Zion “the crown of thorns with which Our Lord was crowned and the lance with which He was struck in the side”.

The presence in Jerusalem of the relic is attested by Cassiodorus c.

According to the Chronicon Paschalethe point of the lance, which had been broken off, was given in the same year to Nicetas, who took it to Constantinople and deposited it lanxea the church of Hagia Sophiaand later to the Church of the Virgin of the Laancea.

The point of the lance was then lancew with the crown of thorns in the Sainte Chapelle in Paris. As for the larger portion of the lance, Arculpus claimed he saw it at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre around in Jerusalem, but there is otherwise lanxea mention of it after the sack in Some claim that the larger relic had been conveyed to Constantinople in the 8th century, possibly at the same time as the Crown of Thorns. At any rate, its presence at Constantinople seems to be clearly attested by various pilgrims, particularly Russians, and, though it was deposited in various churches in succession, it seems possible to trace it and distinguish it from the relic of the point.

Sir John Mandeville declared in that he had seen the blade of the Holy Lance both desitnului Paris and at Constantinople, and that the latter was a much larger relic than the former; it lancfa worth adding that Mandeville is not generally regarded as one of the Middle Ages’ most reliable witnesses, and his supposed travels are usually treated as an eclectic amalgam of myths, legends and other fictions. At this time desinului doubts as to its authenticity were felt at Rome, as Johann Burchard records, [7] because of the presence of other rival lances in Paris the point that had been separated from the lanceNuremberg see Holy Lance in Vienna belowand Armenia see Holy Lance in Echmiadzin below.

In the midth century Pope Benedict XIV states that he obtained from Paris an exact drawing of the point of the lance, and that in comparing it with the larger relic in St.

Peter’s he was satisfied that the two had originally formed one blade. It is a typical winged lance of the Carolingian dynasty.

lancea destinului – Translation into English – examples Romanian | Reverso Context

This was based on the belief that the nail embedded in the spear-tip was one that had been used for the Crucifixion of Jesus. It was only in the thirteenth century that the Lance became identified with that of Longinus, which had been used to pierce Christ’s side and had been drenched in the Blood of Christ and water.

Inthe Holy Lance was first used in a coronation ceremony. InSigismund had a collection of relics, including the lance, moved from his capital in Prague to his birthplace, Nurembergand decreed them to be kept there forever.

This collection was called the Imperial Regalia Reichskleinodien. When the French Revolutionary army approached Nuremberg in the spring ofthe city councilors decided to remove the Reichskleinodien to Vienna for safe keeping. In Mein KampfHitler wrote that the Imperial Insignia “were still preserved in Vienna appeared to act as magical relics rather than as the visible guarantee of an everlasting bond of union. When the Habsburg State crumbled to pieces inthe Austrian Germans instinctively raised an outcry for union with their German fatherland.

They then transferred them to the Historischer Kunstbunkera bunker that had been built into some of the medieval cellars of old houses underneath Nuremberg Castle to protect historic art from air raids. Most of the Regalia were recovered by the Allies at the end of the war, but the Nazis had hidden the five most important pieces in hopes of using them as political vestinului to help them rally for a return to power, possibly at the command of Nazi Commander Heinrich Himmler.

Patton — became a special investigator in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program after the end of the war, and was tasked with tracking the missing pieces down.

The Museum dates the Lance to the eighth century. Based on X-ray diffraction, fluorescence tests, and other noninvasive procedures, he dated the main body of the spear to the 7th century at the earliest [10] [14] Feather stated in the same documentary that an iron pin — long claimed to be a nail from the crucifixion, hammered into the blade and set off by tiny brass crosses — is “consistent” in length and shape destinuluii a 1st-century A.

Not long afterward, researchers at the Interdisciplinary Research Institute for Archeology in Vienna used X-ray and other technology to examine a range of lances, and determined that the Vienna Lance dates from around the 8th to the beginning of the 9th century, with the nail apparently being of the same metal, and ruled out a connection with the time of the lamcea century AD.

A Holy Lance is conserved in Vagharshapat previously known as Echmiadzinthe religious capital of Armenia. It was previously held in the monastery of Geghard. According to this text, the spear which pierced Jesus was to have been brought desinului Armenia by the Apostle Thaddeus. The manuscript does not specify precisely where it was kept, but the Holy Lance gives a description that exactly matches the lance, the monastery gate, since the thirteenth century precisely, the name of Geghardavank Monastery of the Holy Lance.

Inthe Russians captured the monastery and the relic was ,ancea to Tchitchanov Geghard, TbilisiGeorgia. It was later returned to Armenia at Echmiadzin, where it is always visible in the museum Manoogianenshrined in a 17th-century reliquary. During the June Siege of Antiocha poor monk named Peter Bartholomew reported that he had a vision in which St.

Andrew told him that vestinului Holy Lance was buried in the Church of St. After much digging in the cathedral, Bartholomew allegedly discovered a lance. Despite the doubts of many, including the papal legate Adhemar of Le Puydestinuoui discovery of the Holy Lance of Antioch inspired the starving Crusaders to break the siege and secure the city.

However, German records labcea that it was a ,ancea of the Vienna lance. Emperor Henry II had it made with a small sliver of the original lance.

Another copy was given to the Hungarian king at the same time. In his opera ParsifalRichard Wagner identifies the Holy Spear with two items that appear in Wolfram von Eschenbach ‘s medieval poem Parzivala bleeding spear in the Castle of the Grail and the spear that has wounded the Fisher King.

The opera’s plot concerns the consequences of the spear’s loss by the Knights of the Grail and its recovery by Parsifal.

Holy Lance

Having decided that the blood on the Spear was that of the wounded Saviour — Jesus is never named in the opera — Wagner has the blood manifest itself in the Grail rather than on the spearhead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Spear of Destiny disambiguation. Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 19 December Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 26 June Translated into English by James Murphy”.

Destinnului Gutenberg of Australia. Archives of American Art. Solving the mystery of a Christian relic”. Archived from the original on 3 August Archived from the original on 12 November Destinylui History of the Crusades, Volume 1: Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Destinulii page was last edited on 14 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holy Lance.


I created a (complex content-)transformer to convert DWG files to the PNG transformation Alfresco will choose ImageMagick over my own. DWG to JPG – Convert DWG (CAD Drawing) file to JPG (Joint Photographic Paint Shop Pro, the GIMP, ImageMagick, IrfanView, Pixel image editor, . DWG to BMP – Convert DWG (CAD Drawing) file to BMP (Microsoft Windows Helicon Filter, ImageMagick, Inkscape, IrfanView, Pixel image editor,

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Generating svg images using convert “command imagemayick Questions and postings pertaining to the usage of ImageMagick regardless of the interface. Usage questions are like “How do I use ImageMagick to create drop shadows? Generating svg images using convert “command line” Post by ahmed.

First, I tried this command to generate an image with two circle convert -size x -draw ‘circle 20,20 iimagemagick -draw ‘circle 30,30 50,50’ xc: However, it didn’t respect any of the attributes like fill and stroke. The resulted circles were always black and solid.

My questions are 1 Do I really have to write all my drawing commands in one draw argument cwg the second example? I’m running this version Version: Select all convert -size x xc: Note that SVG is a complex specification and support for the specification in ImageMagick is not complete.

ImageMagick examples mostly using php Imagick examples. This was really helpful. Do you know another tool that can generate svg images? I need to generate svg images from ns2 nam trace files.

Overriding ImageMagick transformer for image/x-dwg

Simply I have a list of x,y coordinates and I need to generate some vector images from them like: Colors are important because they distinguish working Vs non-working nodes and active Vs non-active links. I can generate png files with success but I imagemayick to make a high quality report supported with vector images.

Thanks a lot for your efforts. What I need is an API to draw vector images.

I can’t draw images each having circles at certain locations x,y using the mouse. However, I can make a ruby script that does the job.

This is a bitmap to vector graphic converter, but it has some limitations. First it does NOT handle anti-aliased pixels very well.

You are better off thresholding the image so as to brovide a clean edge for AutoTrace to trace other regionas and shapes of color.

ruby on rails – Unix DWG to BMP|JPG|PNG|SVG converter – Stack Overflow

Second it will only generate complex polygons of the shape. If you ask for a circle you will NOT get a circle, but a rough polygonal representation of a circle, appropriate for the scale of the image being converted. Third it has to imagemagkck decisions about weathe rto make a smooth curve or a sharp point when the direction of a shapes edge changes.

There are many rules and options for this which generally work well. However in some situations I have found a need to ‘tweek’ the ‘angle’ option to make a sharp change instead of a curve for some images.

I even used it as trial method of image segmentation For now I’ll use ImageMagick to generate raster images. I found that I can write plugins for InkScape in Python. The fig vector language used for the ‘xfig’ is very simple and easy to program. You can then convert that to pdf or svg directly using ‘transfig’. Hmmm oops sorry svg is not imagemagiick too new for this old application.


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Corcyra cephalonica | Zoology for IAS, IFoS and other competitive exams

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Go to distribution map The larvae crawl over the stored food and in the last instar construct cocoons that may be found within the stored food, on sack surfaces and store structures. Cultural Control and Sanitary Methods Good store hygiene plays an important role in limiting infestation by C.

The removal of infested residues from last season’s harvest is essential as is general hygiene in stores, such as ensuring that all spillage is removed and cracks and crevices filled. Plant Extracts Vitex negundo leaf powder, neem leaf powder and neem oil were the most effective of a range of plant products tested for efficacy aganist C.

Four neem products azadirachtin, azadirachtin-iodine, neem seed kernel extract and neem oil were tested on cepahlonica eggs and larvae of C. Age, toxicity, mortality, concentration and growth inhibition established a dose-response relationship whereas feeding inhibition and growth disruption were independent events.

rice meal moth (Corcyra cephalonica)

Petroleum ether extracts 1. Leaf extracts of Ricinus communis, Lawsonia inermis, Acacia nilotica, Cassia fistula, Eucalyptus rudis, Dalbergia sissoo and Parthenium hysterophorus were tested for ovicidal activity against C. Cloves showed the greatest cepalonica of 20 species of spices, six cut flowers and six shade trees evaluated for control of C. Oil from sweet flag Acorus calamus was found to repel day-old larvae of C.

Oils from clove, cedar wood, citronella and eucalyptus were also effective. Allotey and Azalekor have reported on the use of botanicals against C.

Chemical Control Due to the variable regulations around de- registration of pesticides, we are for the moment not including any specific chemical control recommendations. For further information, we recommend you visit the following resources: EU pesticides database www. The webbing formed by the larvae is noticeably more dense and tough than that produced by the larvae of either Cadra cautella or Plodia interpunctella. In cases of heavy infestation the food material corctra tightly matted together with webbing, cocoons, cast skins and frass.

Such contamination of food may be of greater economic importance than larval feeding. Although it is capabale of feeding on intact grains, C. Integrated pest management practices for the production of cereals and ceephalonica. Sitotroga cerealella Olivier, – Angoumois grain moth.

Red flour beetle and rice moth. Rice moth in sorghum.


Transformers: AR Guide Mobile Game REVIEW. the page, change the file type, email it to myself, and print it out) was kind of off-putting, but I kept positive, and saw it through. First Look at Studio Series SS 38 Optimus Prime from Bumblebee Movie Hasbro Transformers BotBots Sighted at UK Retail. [Free Download] Hasbro Game Instruction S https www November 28th, – In the many stories of Jetfire who was referred to as Skyfire in. In , Hasbro bought the distribution rights to the molds and .. Once again Optimus Prime and Megatron were re-engineered, with Click to download Filetype to convert the file. . Xman File Archive [ MB] DAEMON Tools Image Tools Play Instructions: • Install the game – Full Installation.

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Transformers: AR Guide Mobile Game REVIEW

In order to comply with the FTC’s endorsement guidelineswe hereby inform this site’s viewers that we occasionally receive sample products, content, or other forms of media from various companies in order for us to provide content of interest to our readers. Some of the content on this site are sponsored posts for which we have been compensated. Some of the links to external sites posted on this site may automatically be converted to an affiliate link for which we may be compensated.

We are a participant in several affiliate programs with retailers such as AmazonWalmartTargeteBayand other affiliate programs. These affiliate advertising programs are designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by insstructions to those affiliated sites. This page was viewed 1 times on Monday, December 31st 7: Seibertronians, thanks to user Collectotronwe’ve been alerted to a brand new Transformer Augmented Reality haabro game that has seemingly slipped under our radar, called Transformers AR Guide.

I’ve decided to look a little deeper and try it out for you!

I will address this more in a bit. First, some technical info about the game: It’s Augmented Reality based, meaning it features the ability to superimpose a digital character into the real world through your mobile device.

The app, however, allows you to demo it with a printable image that will allow Bumblebee to appear on your desk, living room, or anywhere else hassbro want him to.

Transformers Prime Optimus Prime – Transformers Instructions Database

Initially, I was skeptical of the game, and the somewhat convoluted process of getting it to work I had to download the page, change the file type, email it to myself, and print it out was kind of off-putting, but I kept positive, and saw it through. Let’s look at the game’s features. The main attraction is the AR gimmick, so let’s look at that. The book allows you to cue up quite a few autobots and Decepticons into the real world, but the printable only gives you Bumblebee, as mentioned above.

I was pleasantly surprised with the amount of controls you can use on Bumblebee. You can make him walk around, pose, transform into his car mode you can even turn his headlights on and offalmost like a digital RC car.

Frankly the coolest feature is that you can even make him life-sized, if you have a big enough space. You still have complete control over him even in Life-sized mode, so if you want to have Bumblebee walk down your street, you can! Bumblebee’s on my driveway!!

It’s also pretty cool to have Bumblebee on while playing with real toys at the same time. It adds a whole new layer of animation quite literally to your stories. Another feature allows you to create your own custom charcter, that you can then superimpose into the real world as well.

I made my own character, but wasn’t able to “bring him to life” because I, obviously, didn’t have the book. My one critisim here would be that I wish you could get into more detail in the customization process, not just solid colors on various body parts.

The third feature is Battlemode, but I wasn’t able to demo this at all.

It looks very interesting, however, being a two-player AR fighting game. So some final thoughts: I didn’t expect much from this game going in, and I was very pleased and impressed with what it turned out to be.

Transformers Prime Optimus Prime Instructions

It’s a lot of fun, and a great implementation of this tech, and I’m almost postive I’ll be getting that book very soon. Wanna try it for yourself? It’s available now on the App Store and Google play for most devices for free! And, as always, keep it here instrucgions seibertron.

Instructions – Transformers Wiki

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